Can an honest politician actually succeed? And my personal conclusion is No.
Director Comey said that my answer was truthful and what I said is consistent with I have told the American people...
And I watched in Jersey City, New Jersey, where thousands and thousands of people were cheering as that building was coming down...
Deception involves two parts. The first, you’re creating a false belief in somebody else. Convince them to believe something that you know that is not true. And the second, you have to intend to do that.
Deception comes in many forms. The most common form is people just leaving stuff out. I don’t want to tell you certain elements what happened last night but I tell you everything else.
All human beings lie and you would be hard put to find any human being doesn’t lie to some or another.
Deception and trust in politician and life in general are very old ideas. We gonna look at Greeks, Diogenes. He had his lantern used looking for simple honest man, and the story goes he died without finding one.
One of the really interesting linguistic pattern of deception is called the pronoun drop.
It’s where somebody says the statement that normally have a pronoun, like the word “I”, disappear from the sentence. The reason they do that is they are psychologically distancing themselves from the statement. One you will find is that when one is convincing a country to go to a war, so big policy deception, that the presidents tend to use the first person singular “I” less often. So they drop that pronoun when they are using the deceptive language.
When Trump was asked about his contributions and conversations to Attorney General Florida, he says, “I have just known Pam Bondi for years. I have a lot of respect for her. Never spoke to her about that at all.” It’s classic, because each of the previous sentences the word “I” was there. And in that last sentence which is the target sentence about whether he actually spoke to her about the case, he doesn’t use the word “I”.
An example from Hillary Clinton is when she is asked about the email controversy. Her response was “Well it was allowed” rather than saying something like “I was allowed to do that”.
当希拉里回应邮件门事件时，她用的是“it was allowed”这种被动语态，而非“something like “I was allowed to do that”这样的回答。
We have this strong tendency to accept what we have, It’s because the idea that deception just usually doesn’t cross your mind.
The silly example I use the two cavemen, right who were out in prehistoric times. And third caveman yell “saber to tiger”. One immediately runs, and the other looks around and guess, “I wonder that is true or not”. So which one passes on the genes.
Trust is the default even though we have a lot of concerns about deception and trust wordiness. Day to day and conversation to conversation, we really do trust one another.
But the catch is that unless you have reason not to. So in political communications, it’s interesting, because it might be that politicians have a reason for deception.